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Entry Control Facility Planning and Design Fort Hood

Improving safety, security, and traffic flow at one of the U.S.’s most expansive military bases.
  • Fort Hood Entry Control Facility-Gannett Fleming

    One of Fort Hood’s 14 ECFs that ensure safety for the base’s guards and motorists, maintains traffic flow, and relieves congestion.

Client
Surface Deployment and Distribution Command Transportation Engineering Agency

Location
Fort Hood, Texas

Our Role
Planning, Design.

Data
Completed
2013
Duration
3 years
Outcomes
  • Assessed threat scenarios and identified containment strategies
  • Conducted comprehensive review of overall ECF needs
  • Mitigated safety concerns of guards, pedestrians, and drivers.

As part of a contract with the Surface Deployment and Distribution Command Transportation Engineering Agency (SDDCTEA), Gannett Fleming is responsible for assessing entry control facilities (ECF) at military installations worldwide, including Fort Hood in Texas. ECF planning is part of an effort to improve the global deployability and sustainment of the U.S. Armed Forces through transportation engineering, policy guidance, research, and analysis. 

ECF planning improves the safety and security of both residents and workers, as well as the facilities in which they work, by allowing the bases to improve the flow of traffic at all access control points and throughout installations. ECFs were implemented on all U.S. military bases worldwide following the terrorist attacks of 9/11. Fort Hood, for instance, is one of the U.S.’s most expansive military bases covering 217,000 acres, employing nearly 53,000 staff, and maintaining 14 active ECFs. Prior to 9/11, Fort Hood, like other U.S. bases, was open to the public.

What We Did

To assess the ECFs, Gannett Fleming performed assessments of compliance of the existing and proposed facilities with design requirements including the Unified Facilities Criteria and the SDDCTEA Pamphlet 55-15, Traffic and Safety Engineering for Better Entry Control Facilities.

The project required conducting safety reviews and evaluating available crash data to identify improvements to mitigate safety concerns of guards, pedestrians, and drivers. Gannett Fleming also calculated existing and future lane requirements; identified lane, operational, and signing requirements related to processing and inspecting single-occupancy and commercial vehicles; evaluate existing, short- and long-term impact of security, manpower, automation, and roads and traffic; identified short- and long-term recommendations, and developed preliminary and final design plans.

Key Features

  • Coordinated meetings with engineering, security, safety, and command groups
  • Key considerations included force protection, safety (guard and motorists), and traffic operations
  • Meeting traffic control requirements per SDDCTEA Pamphlet 55-15, Traffic and Safety Engineering for Better Entry Control Facilities.

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